EIA Procedure

Jurisdiction Projects Requiring EIA Abridged Assessments Best Practices in Lieu of EIA Who Conducts Screening Criteria for Screening Terms of Reference Who Prepares EIA Who Pays for EIA EIA Contractor Qualifications Conflict of Interest Days for Decision Maker Review Automatic Approval Written Decision Authority to Impose Conditions Expiry of Decision Financial Assurances or Bond
Afghanistan Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 45 days No Yes Yes 3 years No
Australia - NSW Government projects, Private Projects No Yes Yes Yes No
Belize Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes
Bolivia Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30 days Yes Yes Yes 10 years (generally) No
Botswana Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60+ No Yes Yes Variable (specified in authorisation) No
Brazil Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 60+ No Yes Yes Variable (depending on type of authorization) No
British Columbia, Canada Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 180 No Yes Yes 3-5 years No
China Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60 No Yes Yes 5 years
Colombia Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Financial cost of project exceeds a certain amount, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 days No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes
Costa Rica Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 10 weeks (and up to 5 months for large-scale projects) No Yes Yes 2 years Yes
Dominican Republic Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 126-190 days No Yes Yes 5 years Yes
Ecuador Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30 days No Yes Yes Not specified Yes
Egypt Government projects, Private Projects Yes Government List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Not specified Yes Variable (specified in license)
England and Wales Government projects, Private Projects Yes Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Sometimes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No LPAs have a target of 56 days to determine planning applications, although this may be extended at the discretion of the LPA. Yes Yes No
Estonia Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 30 days Yes Yes Not specified No
Fiji Government projects, Private Projects No No Government Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 35 days No Yes Yes Not specified Sometimes
Ghana Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 90 days except in situations where a public hearing is held. EA Regulations sec. 20 No Yes No 18 months Yes
Guatemala Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30-90 days (depending on project classification) Yes Yes Yes Variable (specified in authorization) Yes
Guyana Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No Variable (at least 60 days) No Yes Yes 5 years Sometimes
Israel Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 31-60 No Yes Yes Indefinite. No
Japan Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 210 No No Yes Indefinite No
Kenya Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 Yes Yes Yes Indefinite
Korea Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Developer List or appendix of project or activity types, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 45 days (may be extended to 60 days) No Yes Not specified No
Laos Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes
Liberia Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes
Malaysia Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 No Yes Yes Indefinite No
Malta Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes No Yes Yes Variable (at discretion of Authority) Sometimes
Mexico Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days (may be extended by 60 days) No Yes Yes Sometimes
Myanmar Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 days (may be extended) No Yes Yes 5 years (may be renewed) Sometimes
Namibia Government projects, Private Projects No No List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Variable (at least 14 days) No Yes Yes 3 years No
Nepal Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days (may be extended by 30 days) No Yes Indefinite No
New Zealand Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No Variable No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes
Nigeria Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No Not specified No Yes Yes Variable No
Pakistan Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No 90 - 120 Yes Yes Yes 3 years Yes
Pakistan-Balochistan Province Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 4 months Yes No Yes Not specified No
Peru Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 120 days No Yes Yes 3 years Sometimes
Philippines Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 5 years Sometimes
Rwanda Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Variable (at least 20 days) No Yes Yes Unknown No
Saudi Arabia Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Government (with or without contractor) Yes No Not specified Yes Yes Indefinite No
South Africa Government projects, Private Projects No Developer List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60 (accept/reject EIA) + 45 (decision) No Yes Yes Indefinite unless specified in authorisation Sometimes
Spain Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 90 days No Yes Yes 5 years (may vary if under jurisdiction of Autonomous Region) No
Sri Lanka Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60+ days No Yes Yes 3 years No
Swaziland Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 20 days (after close of public review period/public hearing) No Yes Yes 3 years No
Taiwan Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Yes No 60 (may be extended) No Yes Yes 3 years
Tanzania Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 No Yes Yes 3 years
Trinidad & Tobago Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 80 days (may be extended) No Yes Yes 3 years No
Uganda Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 180 No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes
Ukraine Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No Not specified No Yes Yes 5 years No
United States Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Government (with or without contractor) Government No Yes 30 No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes
Venezuela Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No Not specified
Vietnam Government projects, Private Projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30-60+ days No Yes Yes 3 years No
Zambia Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 20-30 days No Yes Yes 3 years No