Introductory Course on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation: A Participant Resource Manual

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Copyright 2009 The Nature Conservancy (February 2009)

125 pages

From the introduction:

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) is a concept that
has been gaining momentum in climate change policy negotiations at both the
international and national levels. REDD was included in the Bali Roadmap of the
UNFCCC; a number of government funds have been established to support REDD
activities, such as the Australian Forest & Climate Initiative and the Norwegian
government’s fund; the World Bank has recently initiated its Forest Carbon Partnership
Facility; and a number of developing countries have announced initiatives to address
emissions from deforestation. At the same time, conservation organizations, project
developers and governments are beginning to implement REDD pilot activities in
developing countries. 

Yet despite the increasing levels of interest and activity in REDD, there is a great deal of
confusion that still surrounds the concept. The broad range of stakeholders interested and
involved in REDD have very different levels of understanding and knowledge on REDD
processes, practices and outcomes. This confusion is beginning to lead to unrealistic
expectations, opportunistic land speculation by investors, and to naïve assumptions about
what it takes to implement a REDD program. 



Section 1: The Background on REDD. The topics explore the contextual issues
that have allowed REDD to become such an important forest conservation
mechanism. Specific tropics include: 
• Introduction to climate change
• The role of forests in climate change
• Drivers of deforestation
• Strategies to reduce deforestation

Section 2: International Considerations: International negotiations currently
underway are shaping and will continue to shape national and project level REDD
activities. Understanding how these debates and frameworks will impact on
national and project level REDD activities is important. Specific topics include:
• REDD Basics
• Technical elements of REDD
• REDD policy context
• Introduction to carbon markets
• Social considerations
• Considerations for biodiversity and other ecosystem services
• Legal aspects

Section 3: National Considerations: Each country has a unique opportunity to
design REDD systems that match their own context and circumstances. This
presents both challenges and opportunities for those assisting with national
processes. Specific topics include:
• The scale of REDD: National- and project-level activities
• National level REDD program guidelines
• National level REDD program case study

Section 4: Project Considerations: Each REDD project will be unique, but
implementation will still need to meet social, economic and environmental criteria if
REDD is to live up to its expectations. Specific topics include:
• Project standards
• Project life-cycle
• REDD project case study

Annexes: Glossary, references and useful links are provided.


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