Indigenous Peoples

Save Mon Region Federation v. Union of India

Save Mon Region Federation v. Union of India, Appeal No. 39 of 2012
National Green Tribunal (April 7, 2016)

The Save Mon Region Federation, on behalf of the Monpa indigenous community, challenged the environmental clearance granted for the construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Naymjang Chhu River.  The Federation pointed to faults in the environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedure and a lack of close scrutiny of the project by the expert appraisal committee (EAC).

Maniwa v. Malijiwi

Maniwa v. Malijiwi [2014] PGNC 25
National Court of Papua New Guinea

A group of customary landowners sought judicial review of a Special Agriculture and Business Lease (SABL) issued by the Minister for Lands and Physical Planning to an oil palm plantation developer.  The 99-year lease allowed the developer to clear land, harvest and sell logs, and plant oil palm. The landowners alleged that their land had been acquired by the state without proper consent and prior consultation, in violation of the Land Act.    

Kansol S.A. y Roswell Company S.A. c/ La Ley No. 5194

Kansol S.A. y Roswell Company S.A. c/ La Ley No. 5194 Que Declara de Interest Social y Expropria a Favor del Institute Paraguayo del Indigena (INDI), Año 2014 No, 797
Paraguay Supreme Court 

Law 5194/14 (promulgated June 11, 2014) expropriated land from two ranching companies and restored ownership to an indigenous community (Comunidad Indigena Sawhoyamaxa del Pueblo Enxet). The ranching companies (Kansol S.A. and Roswell Company S.A.) brought legal action to challenge the constitutionality of Law 5194/14.


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